星期六, 9月 29, 2018

攻與守的一念之間-愛因斯坦反核演說(#19/28)

這篇演說取於愛因斯坦在1950/2/12對全美民眾所發表的知名演說《原子時代的和平》,重點就是反對美國總統杜魯門在1950年1月所宣布的氫彈計劃。他認為人類必須消除彼此的恐懼與猜忌。

Against TheHydrogen Bomb   Feb. 12, 1950
Albert Einstein

The armament race between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. originally supposed to be a preventive measure, issues hysterical character. On both sides, the means to mass destruction are perfected with feverish haste—-behind the respective walls of secrecy The H-bomb appears on the public horizon as a probably attainable goal.
    If successful, radioactive poisoning of the atmosphere and hence annihilation of any life on earth has been brought within the range of technical possibilities. The ghostlike character this development lies inits apparently compulsory trend. Every step appears as the unavoidable consequence of the preceding one, In the end, it beckons more and more clearly general annihilation.
    Is there any way out of this impasse created man himself ? All of us, and particularly those who are responsible for the attitude of the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., should realize that we may have vanquished an external enemy, but have been incapable of getting rid of the mentality created by the war.
    It is impossible to achieve peaces as long as every single action is taken with a possible future conflict in view. The leading point of view of all political action should therefore be; what can we do to bring about a peaceful co-existence and even local cooperation the nations?
    The first problem into do away with mutual fear and distrust. Solemn renunciation of violence( not only with respect or means of mass destruction ) is undoubtedly necessary.

    Such renunciation, however, can only be effective if at the same time a supra-national judicial and executive body is set up, empowered to decide questions of immediate concern to the security of the nations. Even a declaration of the nations to collaborate locally in the realization of such a “restricted world government”would considerable reduce the imminent danger of war.

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